Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 miČ) in size, making it the African continent's largest, the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second largest fresh water lake in the world in terms of surface area. Being relatively shallow for its size, with a maximum depth of 84 m (276 ft) and a mean depth of 40 m (131 ft), Lake Victoria ranks as 7th largest freshwater lake by volume.
Containing 2,750 cubic kilometres (2.2 million acre-feet) of water. It is the source of the longest branch of the Nile River, the White Nile, and has a water catchment area of 184,000 square kilometres (71,040 mi²). It is a biological hotspot with great biodiversity. The lake lies within an elevated plateau in the western part of Africa's Great Rift Valley and is subject to territorial administration by Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.

The lake has a shoreline of 3,440 km (2138 miles), and has more than 3,000 islands, many of which are inhabited.

In 1954, NILE PERCH ( Lates niloticus ) was first introduced into the lake's ecosystem in an attempt to improve fishery yields of the Lake. Introduction efforts intensified during the very early 1960s. The species was present in small numbers until the early to mid 1980s, when it underwent a massive population expansion and came to dominate the fish community and ecology of the world's largest tropical lake
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